This is one of the more challenging questions people have ever asked me, because after looking through dozens of journal articles in my Mendeley database, i really could not find a lot of them who used Discussion sections. I believe this notion of this Discussion part of an journal that is academic (or book chapter, in many cases) comes from the IMRAD type of publishing, this is certainly, papers that have at the least the following five sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, Analysis and Discussion (hence the acronym).
Personally, I neither like, nor do I often write this kind of journal article. Even though I became a chemical engineer, I can’t recall as they all had a variation (merging Discussion with Results, or Results essay papers to buy with Conclusion, or Discussion with Conclusion) that I read many papers in the IMRAD model,. I read engineering, natural science and social science literatures as I said on Twitter. Thusly, the Discussion sections that I read vary QUITE A LOT.
All Discussion sections I’ve read are
- analytical, not descriptive,
- specific in their interpretation of research results,
- robust inside their linkage of research findings with theories, other empirical reports and various literatures,
- proficient at explaining how a paper’s results may contradict earlier work, extend it, advance our understanding of X or Y phenomenon and, most definitely:
- NOT the final outcome of this paper.
The thing I think is essential to remember when writing the Discussion area of a paper, is to really ANALYZE, not just describe. Link theories, methods, data, other work.
My post on the difference between analysis and description should help you write Discussion sections. https://t.co/oxz8uIY3Pd you should all read Graf and Birkenstein’s They Say/I Say https://t.co/yDXHawbez1 as preparation to create Discussions – for the moves that are rhetorical.
As always during my blog posts, I here connect to a resources that are few may be of help (published by other authors). Okumaya devam et “How exactly to write the discussion area of an paper that is academic”